Production, Marketing and Commercial Services

2.1.4 Production Sector

The sector is comprised of the following sub-sectors; Agriculture, Veterinary, Fisheries Entomology and Trade and Industry.

 

Sector Mandates

  • To improve agricultural technology development
  • To ensure effective delivery of advisory services and improved technology
  • Control diseases, pests and vectors
  • Enhance productivity of land through sustainable land use and management of soil and water
  • Promotion of increased production and productivity in the fields of crop, livestock, fisheries and entomology.
  • Creation and diversification of markets.

 

2.1.4.1 Agricultural Extension:

Agriculture is the major economic activity in Bukomansimbi district.  91.4% of the population is engaged in crop growing, 67.2% engaged in livestock farming and 93.3% is engaged in any agricultural activity. Majority of farmers are small holders who grow both perennial and annual crops. The perennial crops include Banana, Coffee, and Tea, while the annuals include maize, sweet potatoes, beans, cassava and groundnuts. The annual crops are mostly grown for home consumption.

 

The annual crops are mostly grown for home consumption. The surplus production however is sold in the local and urban markets. Coffee production has taken its original position as the major income earner amongst most of the farmers.the demand for coffee plantlets has therefore risen especially during this financial year.The District is therefore putting a lot of emphasis on purchase of coffee plantlets to try to meet the demand.Funds from central government whereas development partners have invested in this venture during the last five years through LGMSDP, NAADs and OWC .Pine apple production has also become very popular due to the existing market mainly in Southern Sudan and Kenya Sub-counties have invested a lot in its multiplication,the District is also planning to purchase better quality materials.Banana production is also picking and a lot of effort is being put in propagation of better cultivars and training good management practices.

 

Robusta coffee is the major cash crop, followed by Bananas, Maize, Beans and Horticultural crops, including, Banana forms the major food crop followed by cassava, maize and sweet potatoes. Cassava is however, one of the major famine reserve foods in the District We are popularizing yam production so that it can form another source of food reserves.

 

Many farmers keep cattle, goats, and pigs and local poultry, which form an important source of animal proteins.

 

Despite the big potential for agricultural production possessed by the district, the actual production remains low and unsatisfactory. However through operation wealth creation and continued partnership with the private sector, the quality of the district’s agricultural production output will improve and the yields will increase.

 

Problems associated with crop production

  • Inadequate advanced and up to date agro-technological knowledge to farmers.
  • Pests and diseases particularly the coffee wilt disease (CWD), the Cassava Mosaic disease (ACMD), Banana Bacterial Wilt disease (BBW), banana weevils among others.
  • Soil degradation due to lack of soil conservation measures like bunding, terracing coupled with poor agronomical practices results in serious soil erosion and degradation.
  • Post harvest losses due to poor storage facilities.
  • Over dependency on rain fed agriculture.
  • High production costs due to scarcity of manual labourers, high input costs and high transport costs.
  • Inadequate transport especially for the District staff.
  • Poor marketing system and poor flow of marketing information.
  • Inadequate extension services due to inadequate funding coupled with high farmer to extension ratio.
  • Use of inferior crop varieties.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 2.4 ESTIMATED CROP HECTARAGE, YIELDS AND PRODUCTION FOR 2010

Crop Hectarage Yield (Tonnes) Out-put
Maize 1,388.7 3.7 5138.2
Sorghums 142.0 2.0 284.4
F/Millet 113.5 1.5 170.2
S/Potatoes 1000 25 25,000
I/Potatoes 161.5 7.0 1130.5
Cassava 1,565.3 21.1 32871.3
Bananas 8,090 13.5 109,215
Beans 5,000 1.5 7500
G/nuts 500 2.3 1150
Soybeans 5.2 1.0 5.2
Tomatoes 512.9 2.0 1025.8
Cabbages 132.4 1.6 211.8
Pineapples 6 50 300
P/Fruits 50 6.0 300
Onions 85.2 8.2 698.8
Cash crops  
Coffee 8,900 6 53,400
Tea 55 8.0 4400

Source: Office of the District Agriculture Officer 2010

 

Table 2.5: District Total Population involved in Agriculture by Sex

Population by

Sub/County

Males Females Total Area (Ha)
Bigasa 18,381 18,872 37,253 19140.462
Butenga 22,035 23,113 45,148 16730.073
Kibinge 15,329 15,986 31,315 10333.314
Kitanda 12,585 13,255 25,840 13804.823
Total 68,330 71,226 139,556 60008.672

Source: Agriculture Office Bukomansimbi 2011

 

2.1.4.2 Livestock and Veterinary Services;

The major livestock in Bukomansimbi district include Exotic/Cross breed and indigenous Cattle, goats, sheep, Pigs, Chicken/ducks, Turkeys and Rabbits.

Cattle; Exotic Diary 920, Crosses 2,546, Beef Crosses205,local 26,300, Exotic 60

Goats; Crosses 2,788, Local 14,976, Sheep local 3,556, Pigs exotic 398, crosses 1,131

Chicken; exotic 7,450, local 226,232, Turkeys local 515, Rabbits crosses 244, local 412.

1.9 Entomology

Situation Analysis:-

The entomology department in Bukomansimbi District as part of MAAIF is committed to control vectors of human and livestock importance as well as harnessing and enhancing productive entomology.

  1. Vectors

These include tsetse flies (Glossina Sp), other flies that cause nuisance bites, ticks and water snails (snail that transmit liver flukes and bilharziasis).

 

By 1986, when tsetse related activities were stopped in the district, the presence of Glossina fuscipes – the notorious vector for human sleeping sickness in Busoga today had been confirmed along the lakeshore area.

Presently, min-tsetse surveys have shown presence of tsetse flies in:  Kitanda and Bigasa sub-counties.

 

The tick problem has been over the years suppressed by the use of chemicals (Acaricides) on livestock, but a long term solution is yet to be found, as ticks have from time to time tended to develop resistance to various chemicals while continuing to transmit deadly diseases especially East coast fever, Babesiosis and Anaplasmosis.

 

As part of the nation effort towards solving the tick problem, there is need to produce a tick distribution map of Bukomansimbi district and to monitor the occurrences and development of acaricide resistance.

 

  1. Bee Farming (Apiculture)

This is one of the activities through which the nutrition and household income of the people as well as the revenue potential of the District can be enhanced. Today, bee keeping remains a small- scale activity done through use of mainly local hives.

 

2.1.4.3 Trade and Industry

The Ministry of Trade and Industry in Bukomansimbi comprises of co-operative, marketing and internal trade departments.  Following the of merger of Ministries which followed   decentralization programme, the above departments were merged to be headed by one person under the title of District Commercial Officer (DCO), Notwithstanding the merger, the merged departments operate   almost independently but report to the DCO.  The departments are headed by the Commercial Officers (Cos).  In the field, their one Assistant Commercial Officerhandlinga county and carries out all the duties of the two departments namely; Co-operative, Marketing and Internal Trade.

 

The Major functions of the departments include:-

  • Promoting growth of co-operatives among farmers, traders and the business community alongside economic activities.
  • Educating farmers, traders and the general population about modern ways of production, handling finances, marketing techniques, quality controls and business management in a perfectly competitive environment.
  • Promoting the development of agro-based processing industries and other small scale industries through collaboration with other agencies i.e U.I.A, USSIA, Gatsby, UNCCI, etc.
  • Assisting private individuals in the development of trade and other commercial opportunities in the District.
  • Carrying out research in the areas of production, storage, marketing of agricultural produce and industrial developments.
  • Advising the political leadership about laws governing the department in relation to the sustainability of growth of our economy.

 

There are also a number of small-scale artisan factories mainly in metal fabrication, woodwork, brick making located mainly in the main towns of the District. Even though there has been a low level of development of agro-based industries in the District and other types, the District has a lot to offer to any serious invester especially in the fields of:-

  • Food processing and packing.
  • Fruit processing – passion fruits, pineapples, mangoes, jack fruit, etc..
  • Meat processing & packing
  • Leather tanning.
  • Coffee roasting, grinding and packing.
  • Export potentials.

Bukomansimbi District has a potential of exporting a wide range of agricultural products that are currently being grown and those which can be grown but which have not been exploited.  The District has good climate for the growth of a wide range of Agricultural products. A part from coffee which is hulled and sold as F.A.Q to private licensed exporters, there is no other exportable crop being exported on a massive scale.

 

As we are operating in a liberalized economy, we are calling upon individuals, groups, companies and cooperative organizations to come out and venture in the exportation of Bukomansimbi District Agricultural produce to the American economy under East African Community.

 

Currently the District has:

  • Bananas – apple, Ndizi, bogoya etc..
  • Pineaples, Passion fruits
  • Avocadoes
  • Cassava
  • Legumes (beans, G/nuts, soya beans)
  • Mangoes
  • Tomatoes
  • Vanilla (Small scale now)
  • Tea, Maize.

 

 

 

Problems facing this sector

  • Lack of capital
  • Lack of entrepreneurs
  • Lack of reliable markets
  • Poor quality due to lack of direction
  • Small quantities due to lack of markets.

 

  • Trade:

The most common type of trade in the District is retail trade dealing in imported manufactured goods and locally manufactured goods for home use.  There is also trade in Agricultural produce, which is mainly seasonal.  The most traded agricultural produce includes coffee, maize, beans, bananas, peas, pineapples, passion fruits and tea.

 

Generally, trade has not been developed to the international standards.  There is need to develop trade so that our farmers can benefit.  We are still lacking entrepreneurs who can venture into trade on a large-scale basis.

 

  • Co-operatives:

Bukomansimbi is one of the Districts, which had a large number of cooperative organizations especially agricultural marketing ones. However, with the decrease in coffee prices on the international market and the liberalization policy, a good number of them have become dormant.

 

Looking at the present opportunities in marketing to the American Economy, there is no way we can exploit the huge market available if farmers cannot form cooperative organizations.  Through these organizations, quantity and quality can be improved and maintained.

Interventions for coorperatives

  • Facilitate registration with ministry of trade industry and cooperatives
  • Regular monitoring and support supervision
  • Marketing and bulking support

 

Implementing partners in the District

  • MADDO: works and support farmers’ Association to register cooperatives.
  • African Development Bank: Works with Kibinge coffee cooperative to support farmers association to register cooperatives.
  • Feed the future (USAID); works with Kibinge coffee cooperatives.

 

Number of cooperatives in the district

  • Kibinge coffee farmers’ cooperative in Kibinge
  • Biganda coffee cooperative in Bigasa
  • Busagula Cooperative in Bigasa
  • Kitanda Dairy farmers cooperative in Kitanda
  • Bukomansimbi Teachers’ SACCO in Bukomansimbi T/C
  • MAMIDECOT Bukomansimbi