Community Based Services

The Directorate contributes to the overall district mission through promotion of social development which involves positive transformation of beliefs, knowledge, attitudes and practices of people within households, communities and groups.

Major areas of focus include mobilization, sensitization labour productivity, safe working environment, facilitation of participatory planning in communities, protection/promotion of rights of the less advantaged individuals and groups, gender mainstreaming to ensure inclusion and participation of all. The sector acts as a primary conduct of government and district policies and programmes to the local communities.

The sector is comprised of the following sectors; , Probation and Social Welfare, Community development , Gender, Children and youth, Disability and elderly, Culture, Women councils and Functional Adult literacy.


The Sector is under staffed. Currently the department has only two staff against eight as per approved structure at district level. At sub/county level all CDO positions are filled leaving a staff gap of ACDOs for all sub/counties except Butenga.

Number of community development groups: Currently there are 27 groups registered in the District.

Table 2.23: Shows the number of community projects by type and location


No of Community Projects











Source: Community Based Service Office Bukomansimbi 2015

  • The Sector work closely with a number of development partners namely Caritas MADDO, USDC, Mild May Uganda, UNICEF,  USAID ASSIST, Villa Maria Mobile Home Care among others provide services to communities.
  • Central government conditional grants released to the Sector include Special grant for PWDs, FAL grant, CDD Women, Youth and PWD council grant and YLP enable the sector to implement development mandate.

 Table 2.24: Current Distribution of functional Adult literacy classes in the District


No of FAL Classes

No of Adult learners





















Bukomansimbi T/C








Source: Community Based Service Office Bukomansimbi 2015

There are 14 females and 29 males FAL Instructors in the whole District.


The section of women in development is designated as the district machinery for the advancement of women with the responsibility to initiate, coordinate and monitor programmes that promote women’s advancement within priority areas at community, district and national levels.

Women of Bukomansimbi District constitute up to 50.34% of the total population (2014, population census) and 31.7% of the households are headed by women. They participate in many economic activities but mainly in the informal sector. 

For example they contribute over 70% of the total agricultural labour force.  Women also perform many domestic tasks of family caring and maintainance.  Their workload ranges between 12 to 18 hours per day.

It is noted with concern that most of the women’s activities are not renumerated.  Despite the contribution made by women, they have little control and ownership over key productive resources

Four priority areas have been identified for advancing the position of women (National action plan on women). 

    • Poverty, income generation and economic empowerment.
    • Reproductive health and rights.
    • Legal frame work and decision making
    • The girl child Education.

The National action plan on women provides a framework for coordinating district and community initiatives under the above listed priority areas.


Situational analysis: -

Youth population constitutes about 17.3% (2014 census) of the estimated Bukomansimbi’s population. Most of the youth live in rural areas. A trend of rural – Urban migration by the youth is observable. The major cause for this migration pattern is: -

      • Search for better social services and  amenities
      • Search for employment and business opportunities
      • Domestic violence and
      • Parental neglect

Most of the youth, however, fail to get jobs and end up in urban slums. They engage in unproductive or anti social activities like prostitution, thugery and drug abuse. Worse still, due to the said migration, potential labour force is withdrawn from the rural areas, resulting into reduction in agricultural production.

A special programme for youth was introduced in the sector so that it could help fight the unemployment level in the district and the country as a whole.

    • The Youth Livelihood Programme (YLP) is Government of Uganda Rolling Programme, targeting the unemployed and poor youth in the country.
    • The Programme is being implemented under the Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development and it begun in FY 2013/201
    • The Programme covers all the present 112 districts (including Kampala City) in the country.
    • It is being financed initially from Government own resources (with a possibility of development partners’ support when need arises).
    • The initial budget for the first 5 years is UGX 265 billion.
    • The design and implementation of the Programme is based on the Community Demand-driven Development (CDD) model.
    • The Youths were to receive support under the Programme in form of Revolving Funds (interest-free), advanced through Youth Interest Groups (YIGs).
    • The programme was targeting the youth and each group was to constitute between 10-15 members. For the ages between 18-30 years.
    • In each group gender issues were taken care of and 30% were females.

Beneficiary Selection

    • Selection was done among the youth who expressed interest in participating in the Programme.
    • The beneficiary selection was conducted through community participatory mechanisms (done in the community).
    • The selection committee was comprised of the Sub-County Chief (Chairperson), Chairperson of the Sub-County Youth Council, CDO, LC I Chairperson and a prominent member of the Community.

Guiding Principles

    • Demand driven
    • Active youth participation
    • Equitable resource allocation/utilization
    • Gender responsiveness and promotion of equity
    • Revolving fund modality
    • Promotion of public-private/CSO partnership
    • Direct flow of funds   

The YLP is allocated among the components as follows:

    • Skills Development Fund (20%).
    • Livelihoods Support Fund (70%).
    • Institutional Support Fund (10%)

The Districts and Sub-Counties Resource Allocations is based on weighted parameters as follows: 

    • Poverty Count (40%)
    • Youth Population (45%); and
    • Land Area (15%).  

Youth Interest Group (YIG)

    • The Programme Support Funds were provided through Youth Interest Groups (YIGs) of 10-15 persons.
    • Each YIG were to have at least 30% female youth.
    • The members of each Youth Interest Group (YIG) were to co-guarantee one another for purposes of ensuring successful implementation of their approved projects.
    • The YIGs had to secure a credible personality in their community to recommend them for the support.
    • Each YIG was required to come up with/agree on one common enterprise
    • The Youth Interest Groups were responsible for the implementation of their Projects. They had to receive technical support from the Sub-county and District Technical staff.
    • The Programme has a transparent mechanism of addressing any grievances that would arise in the course of implementation.
    • The Sub-county Chiefs, Chief Administrative Officers, Resident District Commissioners, Principal Inspectorate Officers (IGG-Regional Offices) and the PS/MGLSD will be the grievance focal points.

As part of the disadvantaged group, the youth in Bukomansimbi District have the following problems

a)          Lack of enough employment opportunities due to:

      • Lack of access to resource like land and capital
      • Over emphasis on experience and lack of apprenticeship scheme,
      • Negative attitude by the youth towards work, especially in Agriculture
      • Lack of a comprehensive employment policy
      • Negative cultural attitudes such as gender discrimination

b)        Education/Training related problems which result from

      • Lack of vocationalization of Education at all levels
      • Inadequate education and training facilities
      • Shortage of personnel with quality in practical skills training
      • Health related problems which include
      • Lack of youth friendly health services
      • Lack of relevant health information and
      • Negative cultural practices

c)          Inability to, freely, participates in decision-making. This is caused by: -

      • Lack of leadership and management skills
      • Low resource allocation to youth programmes
      • Organizational regulatory barriers & impediments e.g Participation or representation of the youth less than 25 years of age or those who are illiterate or semi-illiterate in position of leadership at all levels is limited.


Lack of planned and programmed physical activities geared to enhance life and good health of the youth i.e No appropriate sports policy, recreational and leisure facilities sports training institutions and lack of adequate funding to promote sports for all.


Cultural problems include:-

      • Early marriages, some girls are forced to marry before 18 Years of age and some men marry at 23 years of age
      • Wife inheritance, sharing and replacement
      • Female genital mutilation
      • Exposure to pornographic materials
      • Emphasis on female submissiveness rather than assertiveness


The majority of the population is youths. This locks out a large number of otherwise productive age group that could contribute positively to National Development.


The situation Analysis of persons with disability.The major objective of the analysis is to identify. Study and understand the different socio-economic activities done by PWDs and challenges they face in the district.

Disability has various definition, however, the WHO defines disability as the inability of an individual to perform a certain function in a normal way I time due to acquired impairment.

According to the Uganda population and Housing Census Report (2014), one in every 25 persons had a disability hence 4% of the population had a disability. The most commonly observed disabilities (6.8%) seeing difficulties (3.3%) hearing difficulties (5.1%) walking/climbing difficulties (4.7%) remembering/concentration difficulties and (37.7%) multiple disabilities.

There are various causes of disabilities in the district inccude accidents, diseases (HIV/AIDs, Polio, Malaria), congenital, age, treatment related (poor administration of injection) and birth disorders.

Although there is a lot of district effort, disabled persons organization (DPOs), parents support organizations (PSGs) and other partners to sensitize the public about disability rights and sensitize the public about disability rights and responsibilities, the society still treats PWDs in the following ways;

    • PWDs are discriminated and isolated, eg denied access to social services like public transport. Public buildings and not fully involved in overnment development initiatives.
    • Medical services in health centre are not disability friendly, health workers donot have knowledge and skills of handling disabled people, not trained in sign language and delivery beds are not disability friendly.
    • Most of the policies and Acts drafted by government which recognize the rights and plight of PWDs are not fully operational mostly in rural areas; this is mainly due to lack of proper mechanism to implement these legislations and limited allocation of resources to Disability programme where most of them depend on donor support.
    • Education is not yet a priority to parents of disabled children despite the existing UPE/USE. Many PWDs have not benefited from the programme due to neglected by their parents/ guardians and unfriendly environment at school.
    • Sensitization campaigns on HIV/AIDs donot target the disabled community like the Blind and Deaf eg use of sign language or translation of IEC materials into Braille which increase the prevalence of HIV/AIDs among the PWDs.
    • Women with disabilities face double veliabilif first as women and then as WWD, there are sexually abused leading to un-wanted pregnancies, infections like HIV/AIDs denied education, marriage. 


The district has two social services ranging from education, health, main stream program to NGos/CBos.


Name of school




Misanvu P.S

And St. Leanard Butenga-Kibanda

Formal education (Primary)



-Mental retardention

Kibinge and Butenga


Health: The District has both Private and Government health centres. Also at the county level we have health centre IV who offers services including drugs for epilepsy and mental illness.

NGOs/CBOs:- The department is working in partnerships with NGOs/CBOs like sense international, UPACLED, UPDBCA, MADIPU, MADIPA, MDWA, MABA, and parents support groups, World vision, MADDO, who to see that PWDS can have aquality life.

Despite the existence of these services and even the PWDS councilors at the lower council levels, PWDs are still lagging behind and are not yet benefiting from the services hence still poor and the disability prevalence is increasing.


For about 10 years now the level of un-employment in Bukomansimbi has risen to greater heights. This is because every year more than 30,000 people graduate from high institutions of learning and join the already saturated labour market. The 2014 population and Housing Census revealed that 74,086 (48.9%) constituted the District labour force and 93.3% of the district population was engaged in subsistence agriculture.


The public sector has for a number of years been on recruitment freeze.The economic reforms. Liberalization of the economy and restructuring has worsened the situation and the most affected segment of the population is the Youth and Women. 

Bukomansimbi being basically an agricultural district, emphasis should be put in creating more employment avenues in this sector to cater for the Youth and Women.

However since 2000 the district has witnessed with optimism, the opening of new employment avenues. A good number of new private schools have been established. The district has since recruited a very good number of primary school teachers. The ban on both health workers and secondary school teachers was lifted. And many fresh water fish factories have been opened that have helped to employ sizable men, women and youth.